(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f2\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f3\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f4\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f5\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f6\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f7\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f8\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f10\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f12\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f14\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f2\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl3623\margr2835\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn3623\margrsxn2846\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx1606 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex84\expndtw-19\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 1 20{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw17 ASSAKENOI DEFEATED}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri47\sb227\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw7\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 thick wall.   The citadel appeared to baffle the military}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri50\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw9\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 ingenuity of Alexander, but it could not hold out long}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri58\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 after its Chief, Assakenos, had been killed by a chance}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri72\sb4\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 shot.\super 1\nosupersub    Thinking  further  resistance  useless, his  wife,}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri76\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw8\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Kleophis,\super 2\nosupersub  surrendered herself to Alexander, and it is}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri68\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw7\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 said that as a result of their romance she subsequently}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri65\sb4\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw8\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 gave birth to a son bearing the name of the great con-}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri54\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw9\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 queror.\super 3\nosupersub    It is interesting to note here the part played}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri50\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 by nearly 7,000 Indian mercenary soldiers in the defence}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri36\sb4\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw5\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 of Massaga.   We learn that Alexander guaranteed them}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri32\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw8\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 safe passage if they evacuated the city, but when they}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri32\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw9\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 had actually   retired to  a  distance he   suddenly  fell}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri40\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw5\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 upon them and made "a great slaughter of their ranks'*.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri29\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw8\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Diodoros   says  that  the  Indian  mercenaries  at  first}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw5\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 "loudly protested that they were attacked in violation of}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri32\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 sworn obligations, and invoked the gods whom he had}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri25\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 desecrated by taking false oaths in their name."\super 4\nosupersub    There-}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri32\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 upon, Alexander   retorted that  "his covenant   merely}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri47\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw9\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 bound him to let them depart from the city, and -was}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri29\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw5\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 by no means a league of perpetual amity between them}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri29\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 and the Macedonians",\super 5\nosupersub    Undaunted by this unexpect-}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri29\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw12\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 ed danger, the Indian mercenaries fought with great}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri29\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 tenacity and \i "by \i0 their audacity and feats of valour made}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri25\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw15\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 the conflict, in which they closed, hot work for the}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri18\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw12\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 enemy."\super 6\nosupersub    When many of them had been killed,   or}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri11\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw10\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 were in the agony of deadly wounds, the women took}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri29\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw11\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 up the arms of the fallen and heroically defended the}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri14\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 citadel along with the men.   After fighting desperately}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi716\ri0\sb25\sa0\sl-180\slmult0\tx4720 \f2\fs20\pvpara\phcol\posnegx155\posnegy569\absw5627\absh-871\dfrmtxtx40\dfrmtxty58 {\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw5\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 IV, 27, \i Ibid., \i0 p. 68.\line \expndtw7 ^Curtius, however, calls Kleophis the mother of Assacanns,\line \expndtw3 wtio is said to have died before Alexander invested Massaga (VIII,\line \expndtw1 10, \i Ibid., \i0 p. 194).{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\super\expndtw28 s\nosupersub  >}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f2\fs20\pvpara\phcol\posnegx2203\posnegy1339\absw2851\absh-486\nowrap\dfrmtxtx40\dfrmtxty58 {\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw10\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs19 ,p. 322.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li36\fi0\ri0\sb54\sa0 \f2\fs20\pvpara\phcol\posnegx2203\posnegy1339\absw2851\absh-486\nowrap\dfrmtxtx40\dfrmtxty58 {\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs19 >\nosupersub  \super M\nosupersub '\super crindle\nosupersub '\super s\nosupersub  \i lw*sion by Alexander,}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri32\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw11\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 they were at last  overpowered by superior numbers,}\par }